naraka chaturdaShi

What is Naraka Chaturdashi ?

Naraka Chaturdashi is celebrated to mark the end of Narakasura named daithya.  It is celebrated on Ashwija Krishna Chaturdashi.

 Who is Narakasura?

Narakasura is a daithya born to Bhoodevi and Varahadevaru.   He was the king of Pragjyotisha Nagar (now in Assam).  He had occupied that King’s position after overthrowing danava king Ghatakasura.

 Why Krishna & Satyabhama killed Narakasura?

Narakasura in association with Murasura, had brought control of the entire world under his belt.  He went to Swargaloka and attacked Devendra, who had to flew out of Indraloka.  He stole 16100 women (gopikaa stree, who are originally sons of Agni, born as ladies just to marry to Krishna) and had kept them in his Jail.  All gods approached  Srihari with the leadership of Indra, who assured them to put an end to Narakasura.  But Narakasura had a boon that he would face death only at the hands of his mother Bhoodevi. So, Krishna asks his wife Sathyabhama, the reincarnation of Bhudevi, to be his charioteer in the battle with Naraka.

Aditi, the mother of Devategalu approached Satyabhama for help, who in turn approached Srikrishna. Narakasura had 11 Akshohini Sainya,  Krishna went alongwith Satyabhama, attacked Narakasura and his fort, riding on his chariot Garuda.  Naraka’s palace was guarded by the five-headed daithya Murasura.  Murasura hurled countless weapons at Krishna, but  Krishna shot each one down with his bow and arrow. Then Krishna killed him with his Sudarshana dislocating Mura’s five heads.  That is why Krishna got the name “Murari”.

Then a fierce fight went on with Krishna and Narakasura.  Satyabhama also joined in fighting with the daithya. Krishna also killed Narakasura with his Sudarshana Chakra and freed all the 16100 women who were imprisoned by the daithya.   Bhoodevi then sang hymns in praise of Krishna and begged him to take Naraka’s son Bhagdatta under his protection.  Krishna placed Bhagadatta (Narakasura’s son Bhagadatta had fought for Kauravaas in Kurukshetra War)  on the throne and then freed all of Naraka’s prisoners. The devathaas showered Krishna with flowers from the heavens.  Before  dying, the Asura requested a boon that his death anniversary should be celebrated by all people on earth. This day is celebrated as ‘Naraka Chaturdashi’ – the first day of Diwali.

 Why oil bath to be taken on Naraka Chaturdashi day?-

It is said Lord Krishna had an oil bath to rid himself off the blood spattered on his body when Naraka was killed. The tradition is followed and people offer prayers on the previous day of the Naraka Chaturdashi to the vessel in which water is being heated for having bath. Hindus light fireworks, which are regarded as the effigies of Narakasura who was killed on this day. Taking OIL-BATH is a must on this day. That Mahalakshmi would be getting from the bed. It has been said to  perform  pooja according to usage and custom. ನರಕಚತುರ್ದಶಿಯಂದುಜಲದಲ್ಲಿಗಂಗೆಯೂ, ತೈಲದಲ್ಲಿಲಕ್ಷ್ಮೀದೇವಿಯೂ, ವಿಶೇಷವಾಗಿಸನ್ನಿಹಿತರಾಗಿರುವರು.

 Srikrishna paramathma has given a blessings on Narakasura that those who does the tailabhyanjana on this Day, i.e., Ashwayuja Bahula Chaturdashi will have putra, poutra, aishwarya and everything.  This is called as “Narakee Chaturdashi”, further they will not fear of “Naraka”.  Abhyanga Snana is a full body massage and ritual bathing on the Narak Chaturdasi day during Diwali. In some regions, Abhyang Snana is performed before sunrise.

Before doing Abhyanga Snaana – first have “Enne shaastra” from sumangali strees.  Then do have normal snaana.  Then do the abhyanga snaana to the idols in your house.  Then remains of the oil used for devata samarpana to be mixed with the oil and to be applied to the other membes of your house.  There is no Dosha for Vyateepaata, vaidhruthi, maataapitru Samvatsarika Shraddha also.  Everybody has to take abhyanjana snaana.  Even sanyasi have to take abhyanjana snaana on this day. 

Yamatarpana –  After snaana, ahneeka, pooja, every one have to give tarpana to Yamadharmarajaru.  As Yamadharmaraja has devatva and pitrutva,  all should give tarpana.  Jeevanpitru must give tarpana without using ellu (tila) facing south direction.  Whereas those who are not having father they should give tarpana with apasavya with ellu (tila).

Yamaparpana sankalpa –   Achamana, sankalpa, pranavasya……..chaturdashyaam, shubatithou, mama naraka bhaya nivruttidwaara sri yamaantargata shrI bhaaratIramaNa muKyapraaNaaMtargata shrI lakShmI narasiMha/vEMkatEsha prItyarthaM, narakachaturdashi parvakaala prayuktaM yama tarpaNamahaM kariShyE.

yamaM tarpayaami | dharmaraajaM tarpayaami |
mRutyuM tarpayaami | aMtakaM tarpayaami |
vaivasvataM tarpayaami | kaalaM tarpayaami |
sarvabhUtakShayaM tarpayaami | ouduMbaraM tarpayaami |
daddhnaM tarpayaami | vRukOdaraM tarpayaami |
nIlaM tarpayaami | paramEShTinaM tarpayaami |
chitraM tarpayaami | chitraguptaM tarpayaami |

 After Yamatarpana, those who are eligible for pitru tarpana shall give pitru tarpana to their 12 pitrus.

ನರಕ ಚತುರ್ದಶಿ –   ಆಶ್ವೀಜ ಬಹುಳ ಚತುರ್ದಶಿ –

ತೈಲಾಭ್ಯಂಜನ ಕಡ್ಡಾಯ –  ನರಕ ಚತುರ್ದಶಿಯಂದು ಪ್ರತಿಯೊಬ್ಬ ಜೀವಿಯೂ ಅಭ್ಯಂಜನವನ್ನು ಮಾಡಲೇಬೇಕು.  ಇಲ್ಲದಿದ್ದರೆ ದಾರಿದ್ರ್ಯಾದಿಗಳಿಂದ ಪೀಡಿತರಾಗುವರು.

ಈ ದಿನ ಗಂಗೆಯು ಜಲದಲ್ಲಿ ಮತ್ತು ತೈಲದಲ್ಲಿ ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮೀದೇವಿಯು ವಿಶೇಷವಾಗಿ ಸನ್ನಿಹಿತಳಾಗಿರುತ್ತಾರೆ.

ಸಾಮಾನ್ಯವಾಗಿ ತಂದೆ ತಾಯಿಗಳ ಶ್ರಾದ್ಧ ದಿನಗಳಲ್ಲಿ, ವ್ಯತೀಪಾತ, ವೈಧೃತಿ ಯೋಗಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಅಭ್ಯಂಜನವನ್ನು ಮಾಡಿಕೊಳ್ಳುವ ಸಂಪ್ರದಾಯವಿಲ್ಲ.  ವಿಧವೆಯರೂ, ಸನ್ಯಾಸಿಗಳೂ ಅಭ್ಯಂಜನವನ್ನು ಮಾಡಿಕೊಳ್ಳಬಾರದು ಸಾಮಾನ್ಯವಾಗಿ.   ಆದರೆ ನರಕ ಚತುರ್ದಶಿಯಂದು ಇದೆಲ್ಲ ಇದ್ದರೂ ಕೂಡ ಅಭ್ಯಂಜನವನ್ನು ಮಾಡಲೇಬೇಕು.   ಸನ್ಯಾಸಿಗಳೂ, ವಿಧವೆಯರೂ ಅಭ್ಯಂಜನವನ್ನು ಮಾಡಿಕೊಳ್ಳಲೇಬೇಕು.

ಏಕೆ ಅಭ್ಯಂಜನವನ್ನು ಮಾಡಿಕೊಳ್ಳಬೇಕು – ಈ ದಿನ ಶ್ರೀ ಕೃಷ್ಣನು ನರಕಾಸುರನನ್ನು ಸಂಹರಿಸಿದಾಗ ನರಕಾಸುರನು ಒಂದು ವರವನ್ನು ಕೇಳುತ್ತಾನೆ.  “ನನ್ನ ಸಂಹಾರದ ನೆನಪಿಗಾಗಿ ಎಲ್ಲರೂ ಅಭ್ಯಂಜನವನ್ನು ಮಾಡಬೇಕು ಮತ್ತು ದೀಪಪ್ರಜ್ವಲನವನ್ನು ಮಾಡಬೇಕು” ಎಂದು ಕೇಳಿದುದರಿಂದ ಕೃಷ್ಣನು ಹಾಗೆಯೇ ಆಗಲಿ ಎಂದು ಅನುಗ್ರಹಿಸಿದ್ದನು.  ಅದರ ನಿಮಿತ್ತ ಎಲ್ಲರೂ ಅಭ್ಯಂಜನವನ್ನು ಮಾಡಿಕೊಳ್ಳಬೇಕು.  ಶ್ರೀಕೃಷ್ಣನು ನರಕಾಸುರನನ್ನು ಸಂಹರಿಸಿದಾಗ ಅವನ ಮೇಲೆ ರಕ್ತದ ಕಲೆಗಳು ಸಿಡಿದಿದ್ದವು.  ಅದನ್ನು ತೊಳೆದುಕೊಳ್ಳಲೆಂಬಂತೆ ಶ್ರೀಕೃಷ್ಣನೂ ಸಹ ಎಣ್ಣೆ-ನೀರನ್ನು ಹಾಕಿಕೊಂಡಿದ್ದನು

ಅಭ್ಯಂಜನವಿಧಿ–  ಈದಿನ ಪ್ರಾತ: ಕಾಲ ಶುಚಿರ್ಭೂತನಾಗಿ ಬಿಸಿನೀರು, ಎಳ್ಳೆಣ್ಣೆ, ಸೀಗೆಪುಡಿ, ಗರಿಕೆ ಮುಂತಾದುವನ್ನು ದೇವರ ಮುಂದಿಟ್ಟು
“ತೈಲೇ ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮೀ: ಜಲೇ ಗಂಗಾ ದೀಪಾವಲ್ಯಾಂ ಚತುರ್ದಶೀ |
ಪ್ರಾತ: ಸ್ನಾನಂ ತು ಯ: ಕುರ್ಯಾತ್ ಯಮಲೋಕಂ ನ ಪಶ್ಯತಿ|
ಎಂಬಂತೆ ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮಿಯು ಶ್ರೀಮನ್ನಾರಾಯಣನಿಗೆ ಅಭ್ಯಂಜನ ಸ್ನಾನ ಮಾಡಿಸುವಳೆಂದು ಭಾವಿಸಿ, ನಾರಾಯಣನಿಗೆ ಸಮರ್ಪಿಸಿ, ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮಿ ಹಾಗೂ ಸಕಲ ದೇವತೆಗಳಿಗೂ, ಗುರುಹಿರಿಯರಿಗೂ ಸಮರ್ಪಿಸಿ, ನಮಸ್ಕರಿಸಿ, ಅವರಿಂದ ಆಶೀರ್ವಾದ ಪಡೆದು, ಮನೆಯ ಹಿರಿಯ ಸುಮಂಗಲೀ ಸ್ತ್ರೀಯರಿಂದಾಗಲೀ, ಅಥವಾ ನೆರೆಹೊರೆಯ ಬಂಧುಗಳಿಂದಾಗಲೀ, ಅಥವಾ ಯಾರೂ ಇಲ್ಲದಿದ್ದರೆ ತನ್ನ ಹೆಂಡತಿಯಿಂದಾಗಲೀ ಎಣ್ಣೆ ಶಾಸ್ತ್ರವನ್ನು ಮಾಡಿಸಿಕೊಂಡು ಗರಿಕೆಗಳಿಂದ :
ಅಶ್ವತ್ಥಾಮಾ ಬಲಿರ್ವ್ಯಾಸೋ ಹನೂಮಾಂಶ್ಚ ವಿಭೀಷಣ: |
ಕೃಪ: ಪರಶುರಾಮಶ್ಚ ಸಪ್ತ್ಯೇತೇ ಚಿರಂಜೀವಿನ: ||
ಎಂದು ಏಳು ಸಲ ಭೂಮಿಗೆ ಮುಟ್ಟಿಸಿ, ಮೂರು ಸಲ ತಲೆಗೂ, ಭೂಮಿಗೂ ಎಣ್ಣೆಯನ್ನು ತಗುಲಿಸಿ, ಅರಿಶಿನ ಕುಂಕುಮಗಳಿಂದ ಪೂಜಿಸಿ ಅಭ್ಯಂಜನ ಸ್ನಾನ ಮಾಡಬೇಕು.

ಯಮತರ್ಪಣಂ  यमतर्पणं

ಆಚಮನ, ಸಂಕಲ್ಪ –  ಪ್ರಣವಸ್ಯ…………………..ಚತುರ್ದಶ್ಯಾಮ್, ಶುಭತಿಥೌ, ಮಮ ನರಕ ಭಯ ನಿವೃತ್ತಿದ್ವಾರ ಶ್ರೀ ಯಮಾಂತರ್ಗತ ಶ್ರೀ ಭಾರತೀರಮಣ ಮುಖ್ಯಪ್ರಾಣಾಂತರ್ಗತ ಶ್ರೀ ಲಕ್ಷ್ಮೀ ನರಸಿಂಹ/ವೇಂಕಟೇಶ ಪ್ರೀತ್ಯರ್ಥಂ, ನರಕಚತುರ್ದಶಿ ಪರ್ವಕಾಲ ಪ್ರಯುಕ್ತಂ ಯಮ ತರ್ಪಣಮಹಂ ಕರಿಷ್ಯೇ.

ಯಮಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ | ಧರ್ಮರಾಜಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ |
ಮೃತ್ಯುಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ | ಅಂತಕಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ |
ವೈವಸ್ವತಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ | ಕಾಲಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ |
ಸರ್ವಭೂತಕ್ಷಯಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ | ಔದುಂಬರಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ |
ದದ್ಧ್ನಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ | ವೃಕೋದರಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ |
ನೀಲಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ | ಪರಮೇಷ್ಟಿನಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ |
ಚಿತ್ರಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ | ಚಿತ್ರಗುಪ್ತಂ ತರ್ಪಯಾಮಿ |

यमं तर्पयामि । धर्मराजं तर्पयामि ।
मृत्युं तर्पयामि । अंतकं तर्पयामि ।
वैवस्वतं तर्पयामि । कालं तर्पयामि ।
सर्वभूतक्षयं तर्पयामि । औदुंबरं तर्पयामि ।
दद्ध्नं तर्पयामि । वृकोदरं तर्पयामि ।
नीलं तर्पयामि । परमेष्टिनं तर्पयामि ।
चित्रं तर्पयामि । चित्रगुप्तं तर्पयामि ।

ಉಲ್ಕಾದಾನ – ಸೂರ್ಯನು ತುಲಾದಲ್ಲಿರುವಾಗ ಪ್ರದೋಷಕಾಲದಲ್ಲಿ ಉಲ್ಕೆಯನ್ನು ಪ್ರದರ್ಶಿಸಬೇಕು.  ಇದರಿಂದ ಮಹಾಲಯಕ್ಕಾಗಿ ಯಮಲೋಕದಿಂದ ಬಂದ ಪಿತೃಗಳು ಹಿಂದಿರುಗುವಾಗ ದಾರಿಯನ್ನು ತೋರಲು ಹಾಗೂ ಕುಲದಲ್ಲಿ ಹುಟ್ಟಿ ಬೆಂಕಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ದಗ್ಧರಾದವರು, ಹಾಗೆಯೇ ಮೃತರಾದವರೂ, ಸಿಡಿಲು-ಮಿಂಚುಗಳಿಂದ ಮೃತರಾದವರೂ ಉತ್ತಮಗತಿಯನ್ನು ಹೊಂದಲು ಮನೆ ಸುತ್ತಮುತ್ತ ದೀಪಗಳನ್ನು ಬೆಳಗಿಸಬೇಕು.

When Surya is in Tularashi, we have to light of panju.  Because of this, those who have been burnt in your family, those who have been dead out of lightening and thunder, etc will get Sadgathi.  In order to get and to show the path, specially in temples, mutts, gardens, roads, goshala, etc, places are decorated with panju  light in olden days.

ಅಗ್ನಿದಗ್ದಾ: ಯೇ ಜೀವಾ ಯೇಪ್ಯದಗ್ದಾ: ಕುಲೇ ಮಮ |
ಉಜ್ವಲಜ್ಯೋತಿಷಾ ವರ್ತ್ಮ ಪ್ರಪಶ್ಯಂತು ವ್ರಜಂತು ತೇ |
ಯಮಲೋಕಂ ಪರಿತ್ಯಜ್ಯ ಆಗತಾ ಯೇ ಮಹಾಪದೇ |
ಉಜ್ವಲಜ್ಯೋತಿಷಾ ವರ್ತ್ಮ ಪ್ರಪಶ್ಯಂತೋ ವ್ರಜಂತು ತೇ |

 “Dhana Trayodashi” :

It is observed on the thirteenth day of the Ashwija Krishna Paksha., i.e., on Trayodashi in Ashwija Maasa Krishna Paksha.  Dhanteras is the other name for Dhan Trayodashi.

“Dhan” means ‘wealth’ and theras indicates ‘the thirteenth day’.  “Deepdaana” is an important ritual observed on Dhantrayodashi day  in. Lamps are lit in the name of all family members and ancestors and they are floated in a river or pond.  Dhanatrayodashi is also observed as Yamadeepdaana by many communities.  Goddess Lakshmi is welcomed into the house on this day in many regions in the evening. Rangoli is drawn on doorways and tiny footprints of Lakshmi are drawn in to symbolize her arrival. Devotional songs dedicated to Goddess Lakshmi are sung in the evening. Naivedya is offered to the Goddess on the day.   A new utensil or gold or silver is bought for the house on the Dhanatrayodashi day. Some people also make it a point to make an investment on the day as it is believed that investments made on this day will appreciate.

Most people also wait for the day to purchase and give away Diwali gifts.

Story behind Dhana Trayodashi –

Once Goddess Lakshmi accompanied Lord Vishnu in his Yathra to bhooloka and told her not to fall for earthly temptation and she must not look in the southern direction.  But Goddess Lakshmi was tempted to look in the southern direction and when she got an opportunity she looked in the southern direction.

In the south, direction she saw yellow mustard flowers, sugarcane fields  and started dancing in the fields and decorated herself with the flowers and was enjoying the sugarcane juice. She fell for earthly temptations.  Srihari told Lakshmi that  “As you have violated the conditions, you will need to spend 12 years as labourer in the field of the person to whom the sugarcane and flowers belonged”.  With the arrival of Goddess Lakshmi as labourer,  the farmer became very prosperous. Twelve years passed and it was time for Goddess Lakshmi to return but the farmer was not ready to relieve a good labourer but Goddess Lakshmi was not ready to stay further.

Goddess Lakshmi asked the farmer and his family to take a pilgrimage to Ganga River and they will decide on her future stay there on his return. Goddess Lakshmi also gave four small shells to the farmer to offer to Goddess Ganga.  When the farmer was offering the shells to River Ganga, four hands came up and accepted the offering.

Farmer soon realized that the shells he offered was no ordinary shell and the person who gave it was no ordinary woman. He prayed to Goddess Ganga to enlighten him. Goddess Ganga then revealed that the woman at the farmer’s home is Goddess Lakshmi.

The farmer returned home happily realizing that it was Goddess Lakshmi who was staying in his house. He requested her not to leave. Goddess Lakshmi said that she cannot live on earth permanently and has to return. But she said that she will visit him on all “Dhan Trayodashi” Day. She asked the farmer to keep the house clean and light and earthern lamp.  The farmer said as directed by Goddess Lakshmi and he became very prosperous and people who came to know about the incident started performing the same ritual on this day.  (This story is from skanda purana collected from different sources)

 Story about Dhana Trayodashi and Yamadeepa Daana –

A story about this day is of the sixteen year old son of King Hima.   As per his horoscope he was doomed to die by a snake-bite on the fourth day of his marriage. On that particular fourth day of his marriage his young wife did not allow him to sleep.  She laid all the ornaments and lots of gold and silver coins in a big heap at the entrance of her husband’s boudoir and lighted innumerable lamps all over the place.   And she went on telling stories and singing songs.   When Yama, the god of Death arrived there in the guise of a Serpent his eyes got blinded by that dazzle of those brilliant lights and he could not enter the Prince’s chamber.  So he climbed on top of the heap of the ornaments and coins and sat there whole night listening to the melodious songs. In the morning he quietly went away.

Thus the young wife saved her husband from the clutches of death. Since then this day of Dhanteras came to be known as the day of “YAMADEEPDAAN” and lamps are kept burning throughout the night in reverential adoration to Yam, the god of Death.  According to another popular legend, when the gods and demons churned the ocean for Amrit or nectar, Dhanavantri (the physician of the gods and an incarnation of Vishnu) emerged carrying a jar of the amrutha on this  day of Dhan Trayodashi.

 ಧನತ್ರಯೋದಶಿ  ಆಶ್ವೀಜ ಬಹುಳ ತ್ರಯೋದಶಿ
– ಯಮದೀಪದಾನ –  ಬೆಳಿಗ್ಯೆ ಹೊಸ್ತಿಲಿನ ಹತ್ತಿರ ಅಕ್ಕಿಯ ರಾಶಿಯ ಮೇಲೆ ಎಳ್ಳೆಣ್ಣೆಯ ದೀಪವನ್ನು ಹಚ್ಚಿ, ಸಂಜೆ ಮನೆಯ ಹೊರಗೆ ಯಮನಿಗಾಗಿ ದೀಪವನ್ನು ಹಚ್ಚಬೇಕು.  ಇದರಿಂದ ಅಪಮೃತ್ಯು ಪರಿಹಾರವಾಗುವುದು.  ಮನೆಯ ಹೊರಗೆ ಎರಡು ಬದಿಗಳಲ್ಲಿಡಬೇಕು.  ಒಂದೇ ದೀಪವನ್ನು ಇಡುವ ಸಂಪ್ರದಾಯವಿರುವವರು ದಕ್ಷಿಣಾಭಿಮುಖವಾಗಿ ದೀಪವನ್ನು ಹಚ್ಚಿಡಬೇಕು.  ಈದಿನ ತಳಿರುತೋರಣಗಳಿಂದ ಮನೆಯನ್ನು  ಅಲಂಕಾರ ಮಾಡಿರಬೇಕು.

ಆಚಮನ, ಸಂಕಲ್ಪ –  ಪ್ರಣಮಸ್ಯ…………………..ತ್ರಯೋದಶ್ಯಾಂ ಪ್ರದೋಷೇ, ಶುಭತಿಥೌ, ಯಮಾಂತರ್ಗತ ಶ್ರೀ ಭಾರತೀರಮಣ ಮುಖ್ಯಪ್ರಾಣಾಂತರ್ಗತ ಶ್ರೀ ವಿಷ್ಣುಪ್ರೇರಣಯಾ, ಶ್ರೀ ವಿಷ್ಣು ಪ್ರೀತ್ಯರ್ಥಂ ಯಮಸ್ಯ ದೀಪದಾನಂ ಕರಿಷ್ಯೇ.   ಯಮನ ಪ್ರೀತ್ಯರ್ಥ ಅಪೂಪಗಳನ್ನು ತಯಾರಿಸಿ ಯಮನಿಗೆ ನಿವೇದಿಸಿ ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಣರಿಗೆ ಕೊಟ್ಟು ತಾನೂ ಭುಂಜಿಸಬೇಕು.

ದೀಪದಾನಮಂತ್ರ
ಮೃತ್ಯುನಾ ಪಾಶದಂಡಾಭ್ಯಾಂ ಕಾಲೇನ ಶ್ಯಾಮಯಾಯುತ: |
ತ್ರಯೋದಶ್ಯಾಂ ದೀಪದಾನಾತ್ ಸೂರ್ಯಜ: ಪ್ರೀಯತಾಂ ಮಮ |

ಇಂದಿನಿಂದಪ್ರತಿದಿನಕಾರ್ತೀಕಮಾಸದಅಮಾವಾಸ್ಯೆಯವರೆಗೂದೀಪವನ್ನುಪ್ರಜ್ವಲಿಸಬೇಕು. ಇದುವಿಶೇಷಫಲಕಾರಿಸಾಧ್ಯವಿಲ್ಲದಿದ್ದರೆಕನಿಷ್ಟಕಡೇಐದುದಿನಗಾಳಾದರೂದೀಪಬೆಳಗಿಸಬೇಕುಅದೂಸಾಧ್ಯವಿಲ್ಲದಿದ್ದರೆ, ಬೇರೆಯವರುಹಚ್ಚಿದದೀಪದತುದಿಯನ್ನು (ಕರಿಯನ್ನು) ತೆಗೆದುಉಜ್ವಲಗೊಳಿಸುವುದು, ಮತ್ತುದೀಪಆರಿಹೋಗದಂತೆನೋಡಿಕೊಂಡರೂಕೂಡಅಷ್ಟೇಪುಣ್ಯ.

ನೀರುತುಂಬುವಹಬ್ಬ–  ತ್ರಯೋದಶಿಯಂದು ರಾತ್ರಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಹಂಡೆಯನ್ನು (ಅಥವಾ ನೀರು ಕಾಯಿಸುವ ಸಾಧನ) ಸ್ವಚ್ಚ ಮಾಡಿ, ನೀರು ತುಂಬಿಸಿ, ಗಂಗಾ ಪೂಜೆಯನ್ನು ಮಾಡಬೇಕು.   ಹಂಡೆಗೆ ವಿಶೇಷ ಅಲಂಕಾರ ಮಾಡಿ, ಅರಿಶಿನ ಕುಂಕುಮದಿಂದ ಅಲಂಕರಿಸಿ, ರಂಗೋಲಿ ಹಾಕಬೇಕು.  ಅಂದು ರಾತ್ರಿ ವಿಶೇಶ ಅಡಿಗೆಗಳನ್ನು ಮಾಡಿ ದೇವರಿಗೆ ನಿವೇದಿಸಿ, ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಣ ಮುತ್ತೈದೆಯರಿಗೆ ಭೋಜಿಸಿ, ತಾನೂ ಭುಂಜಿಸಬೇಕು.     ಅಂದಿನಿಂದ ರಾತ್ರಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ತುಲಸೀ ವೃಂದಾವನ, ಗೋಶಾಲೆ (ಹಸುವಿನ ಹಟ್ಟಿ) ಯಲ್ಲಿಯೂ ದೀಪಗಳನ್ನು ಬೆಳಗಿಸಬೇಕು

Yamadeepa daana –

On this day,  lamps are kept burning through the night in reverential adoration to Yamadharmaraja  – and prayers offered to him to keep away death and despair.    There is a very interesting story about this day.

 Once there lived a king whose son was supposed to die of a snake bite on the fourth day of his marriage as per the horoscope. On the  fourth day of his marriage his young wife did not allow him to sleep.  She laid all the ornaments and lots of gold and silver coins in a big heap at the entrance of her husband’s palatial room and lighted infinite numbers of lamps all over the place.  After all these, she went on telling stories and singing songs so that her husband is not able to sleep.   Throughout the night, the prince could not sleep by the acts of his wife.

 Yamadharmaraja came,  in the form of a snake.  His  eyes got blinded by the dazzle of those brilliant lights and he could not enter the Prince’s chamber.  So, he climbed on top of the heap of the ornaments and coins and sat there whole night listening to the melodious songs. In the morning he quietly went away.

 Thus the young wife saved her husband from the door of death.  Since then this day was regarded as  the day of “Yamadeepdaana” and lamps are kept burning throughout the night in remembering Yamadharmaraja, the god of Death.

 Lamps made of wheat floor and lighted with gingelli oil  are placed outside the house, facing southwards (direction of  Yama), in the evening.  Normally a lamp is never allowed to be kept facing southwards.  But on this day, it is an exception and the light is facing the south direction only.     The stotra to be chanted on this day is while doing the deepadaana is :

deepadaana mantra –
mRutyunaa paashadanDaabhyaam kaalEna shyaamayaayuta: |
trayOdashyaam dIpadaanaat sUryaja: prIyataaM mama |

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