Lord Krishna, is the one of the most loved Gods of the Hindu religion. His teachings on various aspects of human life to Arjuna during the epic battle of Mahabharata are world famous. His teachings were written in form of a book by famously known as Bhagwadh Gita. Bhagwadh Gita literally means divine songs of Lord. Teachings of the lord, are relevant even in the present age. They are being promoted by a number of spiritual gurus. Few of his important teachings are as follows:
- Four kinds of actions:
According to Lord Krishna there are four kind of Actions or karma that a human can perform they are,
- Kamya Karma– Actions performed for selfish gains,
- Nishiddha Karma– Actions that are forbidden by holy texts and scriptures,
- Nitya Karma– Actions that must be performed daily and finally
- Naimittika Karma-Actions that must be performed on certain special occasions.
Lord Krishna clearly forbade his devotees to perform the first two kinds of Karmas as they lead to rebirth and laid stress on the performance of the latter two as they help in getting Moksha or Nirvana, in other words, salvation.
- Liberation and bondage:
Lord Krishna emphasized on being free from all kinds of negative and positive emotions like, joy, sorrow, grief, happiness, jealousy, as they are all illusions or maya. These emotions are ephemeral [ last a very short time ]. All the beings are bonded due to lack of knowledge but they get free and achieve liberation once they realize that the world is nothing but illusion. All the souls taking birth on the Earth must surrender to Lord, be free form attachments to living and non living objects. One should not be conditioned by body or the worldly things around.
- Glory of satsanga:
Lord Krishna described, ‘satsanga’ as the fastest means to be closer to him and please him. Satsanga literally means being in the company of Sadhus or the knowledgeable one, as it helps in reducing and finally putting an end to attachment of all kinds.
- Withdrawal from sense-objects:
Lord Krishna preached withdrawal from all the sensory- objects as a means to avoid delusion. All the objects of desire ultimately lead to misery. One must control his senses and not run after the pursuit of desires. As soon as one of the desire is fulfilled, another desire takes its place thus creating a vicious circle. One should give up ahankara or Ego and identify only with God.
- Importance of meditation:
Lord Krishna emphasizes on the benefits of meditation. It is a means of introspection, looking inside oneself, being close to God and removing oneself from the materialistic world. One should sit in a comfortable position, placing both the hands on the lap and fixing the eyes on the tip of the nose, followed by deep breathing. The mind should be free from all thoughts and chanting only the universal sound of ‘Om’.
- Path to life long happiness:
Lord Krishna describes, Karma( action ) Jnana( Knowledge ) and Bhakti( Devotion ) as the three fold way to attain Lord and please him. This is sure shot way to achieve happiness and Moksha. Being knowledgeable will help perform the right Karma and not worry about the fruit of the action. Devotion to God helps introspect and remove from the worldly desires. The three paths lead to removal of illusion or maya.