What is Uttana Dwadashi ?
In Chaturmasya Ashada Shukla Ekadashi Srihari pretends to go on sleeping and in Bhadrapa Shukla he will change the direction of his sleeping. In Karteeka Shukla Dwadashi Srihari will get up, that day is called as Uttana Dwadashi. On this Dwidalavratha and Chaturmasya Vrata samapthi must be done with the mantra :
Uthwana Dwadashi also signifies the beginning of Ksheera sagar mathan (churning of the milky Ocean).
|Idam vratam mayaadeva krutam prityai tava prabho |
nyunam sampurnataam yaatu tvatprasaadaat janaardhana||
This dwadashi is also called as Prabhodini Dwadashi. Tulasi Vivaaha
Tulasi Pranamma Mantra
Priyayai keshavasya cha
Satya-vatyai namo namah
Tulasi Pradakshina Mantra
Yani kani cha papani
Tani tani pranasyanti
Pradakshina pade pade
Namo Vishnu priye shubhe
Namo moksha prade Devi
Namah sampad pradayini
Tulasi is the avatara of Sri Mahalakshmi. During Samudra Mathana, Srihari came in as Dhanvantri. From this Vaidya Roopi Srihari – Dhanvantry, who came holding Suvarna Kalasha comprising of Amrutha from the ocean. At that time aanandashru (eye drops ) came out of Sri Dhanvantri roopi paramathma and this drops turned out to be tulasi. As soon as she was born, Tulasi went to the mountainous region of Badarinatha to practice severe penance. Though many persons tried to dissuade her, no one was able to; for she was determined to stay and pray in the forest till Krishna appeared and agreed to become her husband.
Ceremonial marriage of Tulasi plant with Lord Vishnu is performed on this day. It is customary to put Saligrama and Tulasi plant and getting marriage of them. Vaishnavaites traditionally use japa malaas made from tulsi stems or roots. Tulsi mani mala is referred to be auspicious for the wearer, and believed to put them under the protection of Srihari. This japa maals is used to count ramanama smarana, krishna nama smarana, raghavendra nama smarana, narayana nama smarana, etc. Paramathma is residing in 5317 roopas in Tulasi as per Harikathamruthasara vibhuti sandhi shloka 8.
The Eight Sacred Names of TULASI DEVI
1. Vrindavani (“She who first manifested in the Vrindavana forest“)
2. Vrinda (“She who is the Goddess of all plants and trees“)
3. Visvapujita (“She who is worshipped by the whole universe“)
4. Puspasara (“She who is the essence of all flowers“)
5. Nandini (“She who gives faith and bliss to all“)
6. Krishna-jivani (“She who is the very life and soul of SRI KRISHNA“)
7. Visva-pavani (“She who purifies the whole world“)
8. Tulasi (“She who has no comparison“)
Whoever worships Tulasi Devi with her eight names and their meanings–Vrinda, Vrindavani, Viswapavani, Visvapujita, Tulasi, Puspasara, Nandini, and Krsna Jivani–and properly sings this hymn of eight verses, acquires the merit of performing an Asvamedha (horse) sacrifice.
Any one while worshipping Tulasi Devi chants these eight names will get the same result as one who performs the Asvameda Yagna and one who on the full moon-day of Kartik (Tulasi Devi’s appearance day) worships Her with this mantra will break free from the bonds of this miserable world of birth and death, and very quickly attain Goloka Vrindavan. On the full moon-day of Kartik Lord Krsna Himself worships Tulasi Devi with this mantra. One who remembers this mantra will very quickly attain devotion to Lord Krsna’s Lotus Feet. [Gita-Mahatmya and Tulasi devi Mahatmya of Padma Purana.] Because Tulasi was born on the lunar day of the full moon in the month of Kartika, Lord Hari prescribed this day for her worship. Whoever worships her on this day will be freed from all sins and go to Vaikuntha. Whoever, out of reverence, gives Lord Visnu a Tulasi leaf in the month of Kartika, will gain the same benefit obtained by giving the gift of ten million cows.
By hearing or recalling the Tulasi hymn, a son will be born to the sonless woman, a wife will be obtained by the wifeless man, health will be restored to a diseased person, freedom will be given to a prisoner, fearlessness will be bestowed upon the terrified, and salvation will be given to the sinners.
This story from padma Puram revolves round Tulsi, the plant in her former birth was Vrinda, the daughter of a giant named Nemi, and the faithful wife of demon Jalandhar. Being born in water Jalandhar claims sovereignty over the ocean and demands the 14 treasures churned out of the ocean in Vishnu’s second incarnation. He declares war and becomes a cause of danger to the gods. More so because of a boon that he would be free from death till his wife Vrinda was chaste.
As a last resort to kill Jalandhar, Vishnu beguiles Vrinda by assuming her husband’s form. Vrinda in her wrath cruses and turns Lord Vishnu into a Black stone (Saligram) for his deceit. Vishnu too retaliates but in admiration of her impeachable chastity and piety, he transfers her into the sacred Tulsi plant and promises to marry her annually on this day