ಪೂಜೆಯ ಸಿದ್ಧತೆ (ತಯಾರಿ)
Prerequisite steps for Varalakshmi Puja & Decoration of Puja Place
On a wooden plank or plate keep Lakshmi idol. Pooja mandapam or the Goddesss idol should be faced East. Clean the idol, lamps, bronze or steel pot & other pooja vessels. On the plank or peeta, spread few cups of rice. Put Chandanam & Kumkum on four sides of the pot. Fill slightly more than half the pot with rice. Place betel nuts, betel leaves, dry date fruits (Kharjura), one coin (silver or copper or other available) inside the pot. Apply turmeric, chandanam, kumkum to a coconut (with husk or without – as per traditions) and place it on top of the pot surrounded by mango leaves. The tail of the coconut should be upward. Decorate the Goddess’ face and fix that against the coconut, fixing back tightly against the pot and tie it with a thread.
Decorate the pot and the face of the Goddess with jewels, dress, etc. and keep a new blouse piece. Now, place this over the rice on the plate. Keep a small garland and light a lamp at the Goddess.
Before any puja, Ganapathi Pooja is performed.
Vigneshwara (Ganapathi) Pooja:
Make a cone shaped turmeric Ganesha (Haridra Ganapathi) by mixing turmeric powder and few drops of water. Visualise Lord Ganesha and chant the following mantra
Suklam Bharadharam Vishnum
Prasanna vadanam dhyayeth
Worship Lord Ganesha to give all the strength to perform Varalakshmi Vratham without any obstacle.
Varalakshmi Vratha Sankalpam & Kalasha Puja:
Clasp the right palm over the left palm holding a flower, akshatra and place them on the right thigh and chant,
Evamguna viseshana visistayamasyam shubha thithou, asmakam saha kutumbanam kshema sthairya vijaya ayur arogya aishwarya abhivridhyartham, dharmartha kaama moksha chaturvidha purushartha siddhyartham, ishta kamarthya siddhyartham, sathsanthana soubhaya shubha phalavapyartham varshe varshe prayuktham varalakshmi muddhishya varalakshmi preethyartham bhavishyottara purana kalpoktha prakarena yavaschakti dhyanavahanadhi shodashopachara pujan karishya. Thadan gathwena kalasha pujan karishya. Kalashe gandha pushpa akshathair abhyarcha, kalasha shyopari hastham nidhaya.
Kalashasya mukhe Vishnu
Kante rudra samasritha
Moole thathra sthitho brahma
Madhye mathru ganaa smrutha
Kukshouthu sagara ssarve
Sapta dweepa vasundhara
Angaischa sahita ssarve
Ayanthu lakshmi pujartham
Gangecha yamune chaiva Godavari saraswati
Narmade sindhu kaveri jalesmin sannidhim kuru
Evam kalasha puja
Varalakshmi Puja begins now:
Padmasane padmakare sarvalokaika pujithe,
Narayana priye devi supreetha bhava sarvada.
Shodasha Upachara Puja begins:
Visualise the Goddess and pray to her by chanting this mantram
Ksheerodarnava sambhuthe kamala kamalalaye,
Susthirabhava may gehe surasura namaskruthe
Sri Varalakshmi devatham dhyayami
Visualise Goddess Varalakshmi in mind and offer flower or Akshatha to Kalasha or
Haridra Ganapathi. Thereby we invoke the Goddess in the idol or image.
Sarvamangala mangalye Vishnu vaksha sthalalaye,
Avahayami devee thwaam supreetha bhava sarvada,
Varalakshmi devatham avahayami
Aasanam (offering seat)
Offer flowers at the feet and chant Aasanam Samarpayami shloka
Suryayutha nibha spoorthe sphura drathna vibhushitham,
Simhasana midham devee stheeyatham sura pujithe,
Rathna simhasanam samarpayami
Arghyam (washing hands)
Offer one spoon of water from the glass with water to the empty cup. Chant arghyam samarpayami slokam
Shuddodakam cha pathrastham gandha pushpadhi mishritham,
Arghyam dasyami the devee gruhaana sura pujithe,
Suvasitha jalam ramya sarva theertha samudbhavam,
Paadhyam gruhaana thwam sarvadeva namaskruthe,
Aachamanam (Inner Purification)
Offer one spoon of water from the cup with water to empty cup and chant Aachamanam
Suvarna kalashaa neetham chandanagaru samyutham,
Gruhaana achamanam devee mayaa dattham shubhapradhe,
Panchamrutha Snanam (offering bath with Panchamrita)
Offer bath with few drops or a spoon of panchamritham to the Goddess by chanting the
Payodadhi gruthopetham sharkaramadhu samyutham,
Panchamrutha snanamidham gruhaana kamalalaye,
Panchamrutha snanam samarpayami
Shuddodaka Snanam (offering bath with pure water)
Offer bath with few drops or a spoon of water to the Goddess by chanting the below
Gangajalam mayaaneetham mahadeva shirasthitham,
Shuddodaka snanamidham gruhaana vidhu sodhari,
Shuddodaka snanam samarpayami
Vasthra yugmam (offering dress)
Offer a cotton thread made of cotton, haldi, kumkum & chandan paste by chanting the
Surarchitanghri yugale dukoola vasana priye,
Vasthrayugmam pradasyami gruhaana hari vallabhe,
Vasthra yugmam samarpayami
Abharanam (offering jewelry)
Offer any jewelry or akshatra to the Goddess by chanting this stotram
Keyura kankane divye haaranupura mekhala,
Vibhushananya moolyani gruhaana rushi pujithe,
Offer akshata or flowers or chandan paste to the Goddess by chanting Upavitham
Thaptha hema krutham suthram muktadama vibhushitham,
Upavitha midham devi gruhaana thwam shubhapradhe,
Offer gandham (chandanam paste) to the Goddess
Karpuragaru kasturi rochanadhi bhiranvitham,
Gandham dasyamyaham devee prithyartham prathigruhyatham,
Akshatha (Offering consecrated rice)
Offer akshatha to the Goddess
Akshatha dhavala devi shaliyam sthadula shubha,
Haridra kumkumopetha gruhyathaa mabdhi puthrike,
Pushpa Puja (offering flowers)
Offer flowers to the Goddess by chanting this slokam.
Mallika jaaji kusumai champakairva kulaisthatha,
Shathapathrai scha kalharai pujayami haripriye,
Offer akshata and flowers or gandham to the Goddess by chanting the below mantrams
Chanchalayai namaha padhau pujayami
Chapalayai namaha januni pujayami
Peethambara dharayai namaha ooroo pujayami
Kamala vasinyai namaha katim pujayami
Padmalayayai namaha naabhim pujayami
Madanamathre namaha sthanau pujayami
Lalithayayai namaha bhujadwayam pujayami
Kambh kantyai namaha kantam pujayami
Sumukhayai namaha mukham pujayami
Shreeyai namaha oshtau pujayami
Sunasikayai namaha nasikam pujayami
Sunethrai namaha nethram pujayami
Ramaayai namaha karnau pujayami
Kamalayai namaha shirah pujayami
Varalakshmai namaha sarvaagani pujayami
Ashtottara Shatanama Puja
Now, chant the Lakshmi Astottra shatanamavali (108 names of Goddess Lakshmi)…
Om prakrityai namah .
Om vikrityai namah .
Om vidyaayai namah .
Om sarvabhuutahitapradaayai namah .
Om shraddhaayai namah .
Om vibhuutyai namah .
Om surabhyai namah .
Om paramaatmikaayai namah .
Om vaache namah .
Om padmaalayaayai namah .
Om padmaayai namah .
Om shuchaye namah .
Om svaahaayai namah .
Om svadhaayai namah .
Om sudhaayai namah .
Om dhanyaayai namah .
Om hiranmayyai namah .
Om laxmyai namah .
Om nityapushhtaayai namah .
Om vibhaavaryai namah .
Om adityai namah .
Om ditye namah .
Om diipaayai namah .
Om vasudhaayai namah .
Om vasudhaarinyai namah .
Om kamalaayai namah .
Om kaantaayai namah .
Om kaamaaxyai namah .
Om krodhasambhavaayai namah .
Om anugrahapradaayai namah .
Om buddhaye namah .
Om anaghaayai namah .
Om harivallabhaayai namah .
Om ashokaayai namah .
Om amritaayai namah .
Om diiptaayai namah .
Om lokashokavinaashinyai namah .
Om dharmanilayaayai namah .
Om karunaayai namah .
Om lokamaatre namah .
Om padmapriyaayai namah .
Om padmahastaayai namah .
Om padmaaxyai namah .
Om padmasundaryai namah .
Om padmodbhavaayai namah .
Om padmamukhyai namah .
Om padmanaabhapriyaayai namah .
Om ramaayai namah .
Om padmamaalaadharaayai namah .
Om devyai namah .
Om padminyai namah .
Om padmagandhinyai namah .
Om punyagandhaayai namah .
Om suprasannaayai namah .
Om prasaadaabhimukhyai namah .
Om prabhaayai namah .
Om chandravadanaayai namah .
Om chandraayai namah .
Om chandrasahodaryai namah .
Om chaturbhujaayai namah .
Om chandraruupaayai namah .
Om indiraayai namah .
Om indushiitalaayai namah .
Om aahlaadajananyai namah .
Om pushhtayai namah .
Om shivaayai namah .
Om shivakaryai namah .
Om satyai namah .
Om vimalaayai namah .
Om vishvajananyai namah .
Om tushhtayai namah .
Om daaridryanaashinyai namah .
Om priitipushhkarinyai namah .
Om shaantaayai namah .
Om shuklamaalyaambaraayai namah .
Om shriyai namah .
Om bhaaskaryai namah .
Om bilvanilayaayai namah .
Om varaarohaayai namah .
Om yashasvinyai namah .
Om vasundharaayai namah .
Om udaaraa.ngaayai namah .
Om harinyai namah .
Om hemamaalinyai namah .
Om dhanadhaanyakarye namah .
Om siddhaye namah .
Om strainasaumyaayai namah .
Om shubhapradaaye namah .
Om nripaveshmagataanandaayai namah .
Om varalaxmyai namah .
Om vasupradaayai namah .
Om shubhaayai namah .
Om hiranyapraakaaraayai namah .
Om samudratanayaayai namah .
Om jayaayai namah .
Om mangalaa devyai namah .
Om vishhnuvaxassthalasthitaayai namah .
Om vishhnupatnyai namah .
Om prasannaaxyai namah .
Om naaraayanasamaashritaayai namah .
Om daaridryadhv.nsinyai namah .
Om devyai namah .
Om sarvopadrava vaarinyai namah .
Om navadurgaayai namah .
Om mahaakaalyai namah .
Om brahmaavishhnushivaatmikaayai namah .
Om trikaalagyaanasampannaayai namah .
Om bhuvaneshvaryai namah .
Om Ashottara shatanama pujam samarpayami
Dhupam (offering dhupam or Agarbatti)
Offer Agarbatti (incense sticks) to the Goddess by chanting the below mantram
Sugandham cha manoharam
Dhupam dasyami deveshi
Varalakshmi gruhaana tham Dhupam samarpayami
Deepam (offering deepa or light)
Light a deepam by chanting this mantram
Ghrutakthavarthi samyuktam andhakaaram vinashakam,
Deepam dasyami the devi gruhaana muditha bhava,
Naivedyam (offering food items)
Offer naivedyam (fruits / food items & coconut) by chanting this mantra
Naivedyam shasrasopetham dadhi madhwajya samyutham,
Naanaa bakshya phalopetham gruhaana harivallabhe,
While offering naivedyam, offer water (Paaneeyam)
Ghanasaara sughandena mishritham pushvasitham,
Paaneeyam gruhyatham devi sheethalam sumanoharam,
Thamboolam (offering betel nut & betel leaves)
Offer thamboolam (betel leaves, betel nut, dry date fruits & rupee coins)
Poogeephala samayuktam nagavalli dalairyutham,
Karpurachurna samyuktam thamboolam prathigruhyatham,
Neerajanam (offering Aarti)
Offer Aarathi with burning camphor to the Goddess by chanting the below mantra
Neerajanam samaaneetham karpurena samanvitham,
Thubhyam dasyamyaham devi gruhyatham Vishnu vallabhe,
Mantra Pushpam (offering the garland of Mantras)
Offer akshata by chanting the Mantrapushpam
Padmasane padmakare sarvalokaika pujithe,
Narayanapriye devi supreetho bhava sarvadaa,
Pradakshina (offering circumambulations)
Just do five self circumambulations by chanting the mantram
Yanikanicha paapani janmanthara kruthanicha,
Thani thani pranashyanthi pradakshina pade pade
Namaskaram (offering prayers)
Offer namaskarams by chanting this mantram
Samastha loka jananee namasthe Vishnu vallabhe,
Pahimam bhakta varadhe varalakshmi namo namaha
Sri varalakshmi devathayai namaskaaraan samarpayami
Atha Thoragranthi Puja (worshipping the Thoram or sacre thread)
Worship the Thoram or sacred thread by offering gandham, haldi, kumkum, akshata &
flowers by chanting this Thoragranthi mantram
Kamalayai namaha prathama granthim pujayami
Ramayai namaha Dwiteeya granthim pujayami
Lokamatre namaha thrutiya granthim pujayami
Vishwajananyai namaha chaturtha granthim pujayami
Mahalakshmyai namaha panchama granthim pujayami
Ksheerabhi thanayayai namaha sashtama granthim pujayami
Vishwa sakshinyai namaha saptama granthim pujayami
Chandra sodaryai namaha ashtama granthim pujayami
Harivallabhayai nahama navama granthim pujayami
Thorabandhanam (tying the sacred thread)
Tie the sacred thread yourself to your right wrist while chanting the below mentioned
Varalakshmi Vratham Thorabandhana Mantram
Badnami dakshine hasthe navasuthram shubhapradam,
Putrapauthrabhi vruddhincha sowbhagyam dehi mey rame.
Upaayana Daana Vidhi
Evam sampujya kalyaneem varalakshmi swa shaktitha,
Daathavyam dwadashapoopam vaayanam hi dwijathaye.
After performing Thorabandhanam, offer Vayanam to the Goddess. Then, offer to other
Upaayana Daana Mantra
Offer vayanam to other married women by chanting this mantram
Indiraa prathigruhnathu indiraa vai dadaathi cha,
Indiraa tharakobhabhyam indirayai namo namaha.
Ithi pooja vidhanam sampurnam (It concludes the Varalakshmi Vratham Puja
Charumathi, a Brahmin woman lived in a town, Kundina. She was very humble and kind in her nature. She was very much devoted to her husband and family. One night, Goddess Laxmi appeared in her dream and told her to worship Vara Laxmi and seek her blessings. Goddess Laxmi also explained the Vrata procedure and the best day to observe Vara Laxmi Vrata. Laxmi asked Charumathi to observe Varalaxmi Vrataon the Friday just before Shravan Purnima, the Full Moon day in Shravan Month. Charumathi informed about the dream to his husband and family. She also told to her friends and the word spread throughout the town. On the Friday before Shravan Purnima, Charumathi along with her family, friends and the women of the town observe Vara Laxmi Vrata. They worshipped Vara Laxmi with utmost devotion and offered special recipes and fruits to please her. Goddess Vara Laxmi appeared before them and granted boons to all of them. Their houses were filled with grains, diamonds, jewels and gold. They all lived happily in their rest of life. Since the time, women have begun observing Vara Laxmi Vrata every year on the specific Friday. And take theertha & prasada and also distribute among other devotees. Next day a small puja (Punar Puja) is performed to mark the conclusion of Varalakshmi puja. On Sunday morning, Goddess Lakshmi is lifted from the Puja place and kept safe for next year’s Varalakshmi Puja. After the completion of Varalakshmi Puja, the coconut which is used on the top of Kalasham should be broken and the water in it should be thrown to any plant like Tulsi or any other flowering plants which are away from the stamping of human. The biodegradable waste like flowers, turmeric, kumkum, and many other material should be thrown in a well or in nearby fresh flowing water which are not stamped by human.
*What Happens After Death ??*
What is death ?
Is there life after death ?
Is death painful?
What happens after death ?
How does rebirth happen ?
Where do we go after death ?
These kind of questions related to the most feared event that ends our life always fill our mind, especially when any of our near or dear ones die.
We feel that suddenly the relationship has broken abruptly n wish there could be a connection again. In this quest, our journey to find answers to the above questions begin …
*So, what happens after death ?*
Death is actually a very interesting process !!
*Disconnection of the earth sole chakras*
Approximately 4-5 hours before death, the earth sole chakras situated below the feet gets detached … symbolizing disconnection from the earth plane !!
A few hours before an individual dies, their feet turn cold. When the actual time to depart arrives, its said that Yama, the God of death appears to guide the soul.
*The Astral Cord*
Death severs the astral cord, which is the connection of the soul to the body. Once this cord is cut the soul becomes free of the body n moves up n out of the body.
If the soul is attached to the physical body it occupied for this lifetime, it refuses to leave n tries to get into the body n move it n stay in it. We may observe this as a very subtle or slight movement of the face, hand or leg after the person has died.
The soul is unable to accept that it is dead. There is still a feeling of being alive. Since the astral cord has been severed, the soul cannot stay here n is pushed upwards n out of the body. There is a pull from above … a magnetic pull to go up.
*End of the physical body*
At this stage the soul hears many voices, all at the dame time. These are the thoughts of all the individuals present in the room.
The soul on its part talks to his loved ones like he always did n shouts out “I am not dead” !!
but alas, nobody hears him.
Slowly n steadily the soul realizes that it is dead n there is no way back n at this stage, the soul is floating at approx 12 feet or at the height of the ceiling, seeing n hearing everything happening around.
Generally the soul floats around the body till it is cremated.
So, the next time if you see a body being carried for cremation, be informed that the soul is also part of the procession seeing, hearing n witnessing everything n everyone.
*Detachment from the body*
Once the cremation is complete, the soul is convinced that the main essence of its survival on earth is lost n the body it occupied for so many years has merged into the five elements.
The soul experiences complete freedom, the boundaries it had while being in the body are gone n it can travel anywhere by mere thought.
For 7 days the soul, moves about its places of interest like its favorite joint, morning walk garden, office, etc..If the soul is possessive of his money, it will just stay near his cupboard, or if he is possessive of his children, it will just be in their room, clinging on to them.
By the end of the 7th day, the soul says bye to his family n moves further upwards to the periphery of the earth plane to cross over to the other side.
Its said that there is a big tunnel here which it has to cross before reaching the astral plane. Hence its said that the first 12 days after death are extremely crucial.
*we have to carry out the rituals correctly n pray n ask forgiveness from the soul* so that it does not carry negative emotions like hurt, hatred, anger, etc atleast from the near n dear ones.
All the rituals, prayers n positive energy act like food for the soul which will help it in its onward journey. At the end of the tunnel is a huge bright light signifying the entry into the astral world.
*Meeting the Ancestors*
On the 11th n 12th day Hindus conduct homas n prayers n rituals through which the soul is united with its ancestors, close friends, relatives n the guides.
All the passed away ancestors welcome the soul to the upper plane n they greet n hug them exactly like we do here on seeing our family members after a long time.
The soul then along with its guides are taken for a thorough life review of the life just completed on earth in the presence of the *Great Karmic Board.* It is here in the pure light that the whole past life is viewed !!
There is no judge, there is no God here. The soul judges himself, the way he judged others in his lifetime. He asks for revenge for people who troubled him in that life, he experiences guilt for all wrongdoings he did to people n asks for self punishment to learn that lesson. Since the soul is not bound by the body n the ego, the final judgment becomes the basis of the next lifetime.
Based on this, a complete life structure is created by the soul himself, called the blue print. All the incidents to be faced, all problems to be faced, all challenges to be overcome are written in this agreement.
In fact the soul chooses all the minute details like age, person n circumstances for all incidents to be experienced.
Example : An individual had severe headache in his present birth, nothing helped him, no medicines, no way out. In a session of past life regression, he saw himself killing his neighbour in a previous birth by smashing his head with a huge stone.
In the life review, when he saw this he became very guilty n asked for the same pain to be experienced by him by way of a never ending headache in this life.
This is the way we judge ourselves n in guilt ask for punishment. The amount of guilt in the soul decides the severity of the punishment n level of suffering. Hence forgiveness is very vital. We must forgive n seek forgiveness !!
Clear your thoughts n emotions, as we carry them forward to the other side too. Once this review is done n our blue print for the next life is formed, then there is a cooling period.
We are born depending on what we have asked for in the agreement. The cooling off period also depends on our urgency to evolve.
We choose our parents n enter the mothers womb either at the time of egg formation or during the 4-5th month or sometimes even at the last moment just before birth.
The universe is so perfect ,so beautifully designed that the time n place of birth constitutes our horoscope, which actually is a blue print of this life. Most of us think that our stars are bad n we are unlucky but in actuality, they just mirror your agreement.
Once we are reborn, for around 40 days the baby remembers its past life n laughs n cries by itself without anyone forcing it to. The memory of the past life is completely cut after this n we experience life as though we did not exist in the past.
*The agreement starts..*
Its here that we are completely in the earth plane n the contract comes into full effect. We then blame God/ people for our difficult situations n curse God for giving us such a difficult life …
So, the next time before pointing to the Divine, understand that our circumstances are just helping us complete n honor our agreement, which is fully n completely written by us. Whatever we have asked for n pre decided is exactly what we receive !!
Friends, relatives, foes, parents, spouses all have been selected by us in the blue print n come in our lives based on this agreement. They are just playing their parts n are merely actors in this film written, produced n directed by us !!
*Do the Dead need healing / prayers / protection ?*
The dead always need serious healing n prayers for a variety of reasons, the most important one being … To be free n not earthbound !! … that is stuck in the earth plane n unable to leave.
There are many reasons for the soul to be earthbound like unfinished business, excessive grief, trauma on death, sudden death, fear of moving on to the astral plane, guilt, one of the most important being improper finishing of last rites n rituals.
The soul feels it needs a little more time to wait n finish before moving on. This keeps them hovering on the earth plane. But the time is limited n it is very very important that they cross over within 12 days to their astral plane of existence, as the entry to the astral world closes a few days after this.
Earthbound spirits lead a very miserable existence as they are neither in their actual plane nor in a body to lead an earthly life. They may not be negative or harmful but they are stuck n miserable. Hence healing n prayers are of utmost importance during this period so that the departed soul crosses over to the designated astral plane peacefully.
Prayers by the whole family is very vital to help the dead cross over. The protection of the soul to help it reach its destination in the astral world is achieved through prayers.
Please Do Not Take Death Lightly … Now more than ever most souls are stuck on the earth plane due to lack of belief and family neglect.
Finally, for someone who has lost a near and dear one, don’t feel sad … We never die, we live on, death does not end anything, it is just a little break before we meet again !!
This article has been extracted from …
*The Garuda Purana*
If you don’t know what happens in Mahabharata, let me give you a brief backdrop. A great warrior fights against the injustice, only to be overcome by sorrow. He fights against everyone he has every cared for, including his own cousins, teacher, classmates. The sorrow gets most out of him, and thus he tries to give up the war.
When that happens, his Guru gives him the lesson of the lifetime, just like how Yoda does in Star Wars. Bhagavad Gita consists of 18 chapters of this lessons of life, emotions, ambitions and everything. Following are the essence of it:
You should enjoy your work
When we work, we look at the result rather than the process. Gita says that the work itself must be pleasurable than the results.
What it means is that the journey is more important the destination, as the saying goes. All of the great artists, warriors, scientists achieve the greatness because they enjoy the process of creation itself.
You have to manage your emotions
A large portion of Gita talks about managing emotions and attachment. In most situations, panic and attachment can be the enemies. Bhagvat Gita portrays hundreds of examples where it teaches about how one needs to keep calm and think through to use logic over emotions, even in the worst of times.
“The awakened sages call a person wise when all his undertakings are free from anxiety about results.”
You can manage your emotion by doing these things
Gita suggests practicing Ashtanga yoga (the superset of all the current yoga) and selecting the right food. Gita has categorized food into three types: Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas. Sattva are the fruits, green vegetables, milk; Rajas are spicy foods and steroids; and Tamas is fatty foods and leftovers. Gita says:
“From Sattva arises wisdom, and greed from Rajas; miscomprehension, delusion, and ignorance arise from Tamas.”
Don’t try to copy someone else’s life
Everyone’s life is relative. A warrior might think that a farmer’s life is pleasant and filled with happiness. The farmer might think that warrior’s life is energetic and active. Both lives have equal importance in the world. The grass will always look greener on the other side. As Gita says:
“It is better to live your own destiny imperfectly than to live an imitation of somebody else’s life with perfection.”
Keep your goals intact
When we try to imitate others, we forget what our own goals and dreams are. We try to become a better somebody, even if it is worthless like how we showboat in social media sites.
“We are kept from our goal, not by obstacles, but by a clear path to a lesser goal.”
Everyone is worth your equal treatment
In simple words, treat everyone the same. A whole chapter is dedicated to this in Gita. Even to foes, act nice, because that will leave you with lesser guilt and lesser emotion burdens to fight inside you.
“He alone sees truly who sees God in every creature he does not harm himself or others.”
Do good for the sake of nothing
Don’t expect anything in return just because you did something good. Gita talks about this in various forms and makes a lot of practical sense than just the morality of it.
“A gift is pure when it is given from the heart to the right person at the right time and at the right place, and when we expect nothing in return.”
Act. Don’t just think.
We keep over analyzing things that we forget to act upon it, it is especially common on the knowledgeable. We tend to be comfortable in just analyzing things and talking about it rather than just working on that knowledge.
“The immature think that knowledge and action are different, but the wise see them as the same.”
Keep your duties in check.
If you have promised something, then just do it. Don’t over analyze and use analysis-paralysis as an excuse to achieve great things in life.
“You might like another’s duty, and dislike yours. But still, do your own duty, and not another’s, even if you can do another’s duty very well. Or you’ll go on being caught up in the field of opposites. And there will be no end to your suffering.”
There is always a bigger power than the biggest power.
You might feel dejected because we think that we can do nothing about it. We end up throwing the towel. But according to Gita, the truth will always win, in one way or the other. So, you must keep doing your duty, even though your enemy looks formidable.
“In order to deliver the pious and to annihilate the miscreants, as well as to re-establish the principles of truth, I advent Myself time to time.”
” ಯಮ ಮಾರ್ಗ – ಪುಣ್ಯ – ಪಾಪಗಳಿಗೆ ತಕ್ಕಂತೆ ಜನ್ಮ – ಒಂದು ಚಿಂತನೆ ”
( ಶ್ರೀ ಗರುಡದೇವರು ಕೇಳಿದ ಪ್ರಶ್ನೆಗೆ ಶ್ರೀ ಹರಿಯು ಕೊಟ್ಟ ಉತ್ತರ. ಈ ವಿಷಯವು ಗರುಡ ಪುರಾಣದಲ್ಲಿ ಉಲ್ಲೇಖಿತವಾಗಿದೆ )
ಮೃತನಾಗಿ ಪ್ರೇತತ್ವ ಹೊಂದಿದ ಚೇತನನೂ ಮೊದಲನೆಯ ದಿನ ಸ್ಥೂಲ ದೇಹವನ್ನು ಬಿಟ್ಟು ಕೇವಲ ಸೂಕ್ಷ್ಮ ದೇಹದಿಂದ ಕೂಡಿದವನಾಗಿ ಮೊದಲನೆಯ ” ಹತ್ತು ” ದಿನಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಕೊಡಲ್ಪಟ್ಟ ಪಿಂಡ ಬಲಿಗಳಿಂದ ಉತ್ಪನ್ನವಾದ ಪೂರ್ಣವಾದ ಪ್ರೇತ ದೇಹದಿಂದ ಕೂಡಿದವನಾಗಿ ಅತ್ಯಧಿಕ ಹಸಿವೆಯಿಂದ ಕೂಡಿದವನಾಗಿ ” ಹತ್ತ ” ನೇ ದಿವಸ ಕೊಟ್ಟ ಪ್ರಭೂತ ಬಲಿಯನ್ನು ತಿಂದು; ” ಹನ್ನೊಂದನೆ ” ದಿನ ಮಾಡಿದ ” ಏಕೋದಿಷ್ಟ ” ಶ್ರಾದ್ಧಾನ್ನಗಳನ್ನು ಭುಂಜಿಸಿ; ” ಹನ್ನೆರಡ ” ನೆಯ ದಿನವೂ ಕರ್ತೃವಿನ ಮನೆಯ ಬಾಗಿಲಲ್ಲೇ ನಿಂತು ಅವನಿಂದ ಕೊಡಬಹುದಾದ ಶ್ರಾದ್ಧಾನ್ನವನ್ನು ಎದುರು ನೋಡುತ್ತಿರುತ್ತದೆ.
” ಹದಿಮೂರು ” ನೆಯ ದಿನದಿಂದ ಹಗಲೂ – ರಾತ್ರಿ ಸೇರಿ ಪ್ರತಿ ದಿನವೂ 247 ಯೋಜನಗಳಷ್ಟು ದೂರ ನಡೆದು ವರ್ಷದ ಕೊನೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಅಂದರೆ ವರ್ಷಕ್ಕೆ 12 ದಿನಗಳು ಬಾಕಿ ಇರುವಂತೆ ಅಂದರೆ ವರ್ಷಕ್ಕೆ 12 ದಿನಗಳ ಮುಂಚಿತವಾಗಿ ಶ್ರೀ ಯಮಧರ್ಮರಾಜರ ಆಸ್ಥಾನವನ್ನು ಸೇರುತ್ತಾರೆ.
13ನೇ ದಿನ ಯಮದೂತರು ಪ್ರೇತಕ್ಕೆ ” ಪಾಶ ” ವನ್ನು ಹಾಕಿ ಅಲ್ಲಿಂದ ಮುಂದೆ ಶ್ರೀ ಯಮಧರ್ಮರಾಜರ ಸಮೀಪದ ವರೆಗೂ ಸೆಳೆದೊಯ್ಯುತ್ತಾರೆ.
ಪ್ರತಿ ನಿತ್ಯವೂ ಹಗಲೂ ರಾತ್ರಿ ನಿರಂತರವಾಗಿ ನಡೆಯುವುದರಿಂದ ಕಂಗೆಟ್ಟು ಹಸಿವು ಬಾಯಾರಿಕೆಗಳಿಂದ ನರಳುತ್ತಿರುತ್ತಾನೆ. ಆಯಾಸದಿಂದ ಆಕುಲಗೊಂಡ ಕಣ್ಗಳುಳ್ಳವನಾಗಿ ದುಃಖದಿಂದ ಪೀಡಿತನಾಗಿ ಅರಚಿಕೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತಲೇ ಮಾರ್ಗದ ಮಧ್ಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಬರುವ ಕತ್ತಿಯ ಅಳಗಿನಂತೆ ಹರಿತವಾದ ಎಲೆಗಳಿಂದ ಕೂಡಿದ ದಟ್ಟವಾದ ವೃಕ್ಷಗಳಿಂದ ಕೂಡಿದ ‘ ಅಸಿಪತ್ರವನ ” ಎಂಬ ಕಾಡನ್ನು ದಾಟಿಕೊಂಡು ವಾಯು ಮಾರ್ಗದಲ್ಲಿ ಸಂಚರಿಸುತ್ತಾ 27 ದಿನಗಳು ಕಳೆದು 28ನೇ ದಿನ್ದದಂದು ಮೊದಲು ” ಯಾಮ್ಯಪುರ ” ವನ್ನು ಸೇರುತ್ತಾನೆ.
ಈ ಪುರದಲ್ಲಿ ಪ್ರೇತಗಳ ಸಮೂಹವಿರುತ್ತದೆ. ನೋಡಲು ಬಹಳ ಆಕರ್ಷಕವಾಗಿರುವ ” ಪುಷ್ಫ ಭದ್ರಾ ” ಎಂಬ ನದಿಯೂ; ಅದರ ದಡದಲ್ಲಿ ಒಂದು ” ನ್ಯಗ್ರೋಧ ” ಅಥವಾ ” ಆಲದಮರ ” ವೂ ಇರುತ್ತದೆ. ಅಲ್ಲಿ ಪ್ರೇತವು ಯಮ ಕಿಂಕರರಿಂದ ಅಪ್ಪಣೆ ಪಡೆದು ವಿಶ್ರಾಂತಿಯನ್ನು ಪಡೆಯುತ್ತಾ ತನ್ನ ಹೆಂಡತಿ ( ಗಂಡ ) ಮಕ್ಕಳು ಸೌಖ್ಯವಾಗಿರುವಿಕೆಯನ್ನು ಸ್ಮರಣೆ ಮಾಡಿಕೊಂಡು; ತನ್ನ ಸ್ಥಿತಿಯನ್ನು ನೋಡಿಕೊಂಡು ದುಃಖಿತನಾಗಿ ಶ್ರಮ ಪೀಡಿತನಾಗಿ ಬಾಯಾರಿಕೆಯಿಂದ ಕೂಡಿ ಕರುಣಾಜನಕವಾದ ಮಾತುಗಳಿಂದ ಅರಚಿಕೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತಾನೆ.
ತಾನು ಹಿಂದೆ ಸಂಪಾದಿಸಿಟ್ಟ ಐಶ್ವರ್ಯ; ತಾನು ಅನುಭವಿಸಿದ ಸುಖಗಳು ತನ್ನ ಮನೆ ಮಕ್ಕಳು – ಹಣ – ಸೇವಕರು – ಸ್ನೇಹಿತರು – ತಾನು ತಂದು ಹಾಕುತ್ತಿದ್ದ ಧವಸ ಧಾನ್ಯಗಳು ಎಲ್ಲವನ್ನೂ ಸ್ಮರಿಸಿಕೊಂಡು ಅದಾವುದೂ ಈಗ ತನಗಿಲ್ಲ. ಈ ರೀತಿ ತಂದು ಹಾಕಿ ಪೋಷಿಸಿದ ಮಕ್ಕಳಾದರೂ ಇಂದು ತನ್ನ ಕಷ್ಟದಲ್ಲಿ ಹಸಿವು ಆರುವುದಕ್ಕೆ ಅನ್ನವನ್ನೂ, ದಾಹ ಶಾಂತಿಗೆ ತೀರ್ಥವನ್ನು ಕೊಡುವರೇ ಎಂದು ಎದುರು ನೋಡುತ್ತಾ ಇರುತ್ತದೆ.
ಇಡೀ ವರ್ಷ ಹಸಿವು ದಾಹಗಳಿರುವುದರಿಂದ ಅವುಗಳಿಗೆ ಪುತ್ರನು ( ಪುತ್ರರಿಲ್ಲದವರಿಗೆ ಅಳಿಯ ) ವರ್ಷ ವರ್ಷಾಬ್ಧಿಕ ಪರ್ಯಂತ ಒಂದು ವರ್ಷ ಕಾಲ ಪ್ರತಿ ನಿತ್ಯವೂ ತೀರ್ಥ ಪಾತ್ರೆ ಅಥವಾ ಉದುಕುಂಭ ಸಹಿತ ( ಸೋದಕುಂಭ ) ಶ್ರಾಧವನ್ನು ಮಾಡಲೇಬೇಕು.
ಪ್ರೇತವು ಮುಂದೆ ತನಗೆ ಶ್ರೀ ಯಮಧರ್ಮರಾಜರು ತಾನು ಮಾಡಿದ ಪುಣ್ಯ – ಪಾಪಗಳಿಗೆ ಅನುಗುಣವಾಗಿ ಯಾವ ಜನ್ಮವನ್ನು ಪಡೆಯಬೇಕೆಂದು ತೀರ್ಪನ್ನು ಕೊಡುತ್ತಾರೋ? ಯಾವ ತರಹದ ಪಾಪ ಕಾರ್ಯವನ್ನು ನಾನು ಮಾಡಿರುತ್ತೇನೆಯೋ? ಅಥವಾ ಯಾವ ತರಹದ ಪುಣ್ಯ ಕಾರ್ಯವನ್ನು ನಾನು ಮಾಡಿರುತ್ತೇನೆಯೋ?
ನನ್ನನ್ನು ದುಃಖದಿಂದ ಪಾರು ಮಾಡುವ ಪುತ್ರರು ಅಥವಾ ಬಂಧುಗಳು ಆದರೂ ಇದ್ದಾರೆಯೋ? ಎಂದು ಚಿಂತಿಸುತ್ತಾ ” ಯಮಪುರಿ ” ಗೆ ಕಾಲಿಡುತ್ತದೆ.
ಶ್ರೀ ಯಮಧರ್ಮರಾಜರ ಕಿಂಕರರಾದರೋ ನಿನ್ನನ್ನು ದುಃಖದಿಂದ ಪಾರು ಮಾಡುವ ಪುತ್ರಾದಿಗಳನ್ನು ಪಡೆಯುವ ಪುಣ್ಯವು ನಿನಗೆಲ್ಲಿದೆ? ಎಂದು ಹೀಯಾಳಿಸುತ್ತಿರುತ್ತಾರೆ.
ಅಷ್ಟರಲ್ಲಿ ಮತ್ತೆ ಕೆಲ ಶ್ರೀ ಯಮಧರ್ಮರಾಜರ ಕಿಂಕರರು 12 ಜನ ದ್ವಾರಪಾಲಕರೂ ಅವನ ಶುಭಾಶುಭ ಕರ್ಮಗಳನ್ನು ವಿಚಾರ ಮಾಡುತ್ತಲೇ ಬಂದು ಆ ಚೇತನವನ್ನು ಶ್ರೀ ಯಮಧರ್ಮರಾಜರ ಸಭೆಗೆ ಕರೆದೊಯ್ಯುತ್ತಾರೆ.
ಅಲ್ಲಿ ಮನುಷ್ಯರ ಎಲ್ಲ ವಿಧವಾದ ಚೇಷ್ಟೆಗಳನ್ನು ಅರಿಯಬಲ್ಲ ಶ್ರೀ ಬ್ರಹ್ಮದೇವರ ಪುತ್ರರಾದ ” ಶ್ರವಣ ” ದೇವತೆಗಳೆಂಬುವರು ಆ ಪ್ರೇತವು ಮೊದಲು ಮಾಡಿದ ” ಪುಣ್ಯ – ಪಾಪ ಕಾರ್ಯ ” ಗಳನ್ನು ತಿಳಿಸಿ, ಆ ಪ್ರೇತಕ್ಕೆ ಸದ್ಗತಿ ಸಿಗಲೆಂದು ಅದರ ಪುತ್ರಾದಿಗಳು ಮಾಡಿದ ದಾನ ಧರ್ಮಗಳ ವಿಷಯಗಳನ್ನೂ ವಿವರವಾಗಿ ” ಶ್ರೀ ಚಿತ್ರಗುಪ್ತ ” ರಿಗೆ ತಿಳಿಸುತ್ತಾರೆ. ಈ ಎಲ್ಲಾ ವಿಷಯಗಳನ್ನು ಒಟ್ಟಾಗಿ ಸಂಗ್ರಹಿಸಿ ” ಚಿತ್ರಗುಪ್ತ ” ರು ” ಶ್ರೀ ಯಮಧರ್ಮರಾಜ ” ರಿಗೆ ತಿಳಿಸುತ್ತಾರೆ.
ಶ್ರೀ ಯಮಧರ್ಮರಾಜರು ” ವಸು – ರುದ್ರ – ಆದಿತ್ಯ ” ರೆಂಬ ಪಿತೃಗಳ ಸನ್ನಿಧಾನದಲ್ಲಿ ” ಪ್ರೇತ ಜೀವನ ” ಮುಂದಿನ ಗತಿಯನ್ನು ಕುರಿತು ವಿಚಾರ ಮಾಡಿ ತೀರ್ಪು ಕೊಡುತ್ತಾರೆ.
ಆಗ ಪ್ರೇತ ಜೀವರು ಮಾಡಿರುವ ಪಾಪ – ಪುಣ್ಯ ಕರ್ಮಗಳಿಗನುಗುಣವಾಗಿಯೂ; ಅವನ ಉದ್ಧೇಶ್ಯವಾಗಿ ಅವನ ಪುತ್ರಾದಿಗಳು ಮಾಡಿರುವ ಧರ್ಮ ಕೆಲಸಗಳಿಗನುಗುಣವಾಗಿಯೂ; ಪ್ರೇತ ಜೀವನಿಗೆ ” ದೇವ – ಮನುಷ್ಯ – ನರಕಾದಿ ಜನ್ಮಗಳು ಬರುವಂತೆ ವಿಧಿಸುತ್ತಾರೆ. ಅದಕ್ಕೆ ಅನುಗುಣವಾಗಿ ಪ್ರೇತ ಜೀವನು ಮುಂದೆ ಆಯಾಯಾ ಜನ್ಮವನ್ನು ಪಡೆಯುತ್ತಾನೆ.
” ಯಮ ಮಾರ್ಗ ಅತ್ಯಂತ ಕಠಿಣ ”
ನರಕದಲ್ಲಿ ನಿತ್ಯ ಮತ್ತು ಅನಿತ್ಯ ಎಂಬ ಎರಡು ವಿಧ.
” ಅನಿತ್ಯ ನರಕ ” ಗಳು ಪಾತಾಳದ ಕೆಲ ಭಾಗದಲ್ಲಿರುವ ಗರ್ಭೋಧಕದ ಮೇಲೆ ದಕ್ಷಿಣ ದಿಕ್ಕಿನಲ್ಲಿದೆ. ಪಾಪಿಗಳು ಮಾತ್ರ ಅಲ್ಲಿಗೆ ಹೋಗುವರು. ಪಾಪಿಗಳ ವಿವರ :-
ಏಕಾದಶೀ – ಚಾತುರ್ಮಾಸ್ಯ – ಕೃಷ್ಣಾಷ್ಟಮೀ ವ್ರತಗಳನ್ನು ಮಾಡದವರು; ದಾನ ಮಾಡದವರು; ಪರ ದ್ರವ್ಯಾಪಹಾರಿಗಳು; ಪರಾಪವಾದ ನಿರತರೂ; ಅನ್ಯರನ್ನು ನಿಂದಿಸುವವರು; ವಿಹಿತ ಕರ್ಮಗಳಾದ ಸಂಧ್ಯಾವಂದನಾದಿ ಕರ್ಮ ಬಿಟ್ಟು ನಿಷಿದ್ಧ ಕರ್ಮಗಳಾದ ಮದ್ಯ ಮಾಂಸಗಳನ್ನು ತಿನ್ನುವವರು; ದೇವ ಬ್ರಾಹ್ಮಣರನ್ನು ನಿಂದಿಸುವವರು; ಅತಿಥಿ ಸೇವೆ ಮಾಡದವರು; ತಂದೆ – ತಾಯಿ – ಗುರುಗಳನ್ನು ಬೈಯುವವರು; ಕ್ರೂರಿಗಳು; ನೈವೇದ್ಯ ಮಾಡದೇ ತಿನ್ನುವವರು; ಪುಣ್ಯ ತೀರ್ಥಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಗೌರವ ಬುದ್ಧಿ ಇಲ್ಲದವರು; ಪರರಿಗೆ ಅಪಕಾರ ಮಾಡಿ ಸಂತೋಷಿಸುವವರು; ಚಾಡಿಕೋರರು; ನಿಂದ್ಯಾ ವೃತ್ತಿ ಮಾಡುವವರು; ವೇದದಲ್ಲಿ ನಂಬಿಕೆ ಇಲ್ಲದ ಪಾಖಂಡಿಗಳು; ನಾಲಿಗೆ – ಗುಹ್ಯೇ೦ದ್ರಿಯ ವ್ಯಾಪಾರಸಕ್ತರು; ಅಧಿಕಾರ – ಅರ್ಹತೆ ಇದ್ದರೂ ಸತ್ಕರ್ಮ ಮಾಡದವರು; ಪತಿನಿಂದೆ ಮಾಡುವ ಸ್ತ್ರೀಯರು; ಪರ ಪುರುಷಾಸಕ್ತರು ಇವೇ ಮೊದಲಾದ ಸ್ತ್ರೀ – ಪುರುಷರು ಮಾಯಾ ಮಾರ್ಗದಲ್ಲಿ ಹೋಗಿ ” ಅನಿತ್ಯ ನರಕ ” ದಲ್ಲಿ ಬೀಳುವರು.
” ನಿತ್ಯ ನರಕ ” ವಾದರೂ ಪಂಚ ಕಷ್ಟವೆನಿಸಿದ ” ಅಂಧಂ ತಮಸ್ಸು”
ಶ್ರೀ ಮಹಾ ವಿಷ್ಣುವನ್ನೂ ಮತ್ತು ಶ್ರೀ ವಿಷ್ಣು ಭಕ್ತರನ್ನು ದ್ವೇಷಿಸುವ; ವೇದ ವೇದಾಂತಾದಿ ಸಚ್ಛಾಸ್ತ್ರಗಳನ್ನು ನಿಂದಿಸುವುದು ಇವುಗಳಿಂದಾಗಿ ಪುನಃ ಹಿಂದಿರುಗಿ ಬರಲಾಗದ ಐದು ಇಂದ್ರಿಯಗಳಿಗೆ ಉಪ ಲಕ್ಷಣಗಳಾದ ಸರ್ವೇಂದ್ರಿಯಗಳಿಂದಲೂ ದುಃಖ ಹೊತರು ಸುಖ ಲೇಶವೂ ಇಲ್ಲದ ” ಅಂಧಂ ತಮಸ್ಸ ” ನ್ನು ಹೊಂದುವರು.
ಶ್ರೀ ಯಮ ಮಾರ್ಗವು ” ವೈತರಣೀ ” ಹೊರತು ಪಡಿಸಿ 84000 ಯೋಜನವಿದೆ.
ಈ ಮಾರ್ಗವು ಪುಣ್ಯಶೀಲರಿಗೆ ಸುಖದಾಯಕವು.
ಈ ಮಾರ್ಗವು ಪಾಪಿಗಳಿಗೆ ದುಃಖದಾಯಕವಾಗಿದೆ. ಪಾಪಿಗಳು ವಸ್ತ್ರ ರಹಿತರಾಗಿ, ಬಾಯಾರಿಕೆಯಿಂದ ಒಣಗಿ ಹೋದ ಕಂಠ ತಾಳುಗಳ್ಳುವರಾಗಿ ಭಯದಿಂದ ದಾಟುತ್ತಾರೆ. ಶ್ರೀ ಯಮಧರ್ಮರಾಜರ ದೂತರು ಇವರನ್ನು ನಾನಾ ಆಯುಧಗಳಿಂದಲೂ; ಚಾಟಿಯಿಂದಲೂ ಹೊಡೆಯುತ್ತಾರೆ. ಏಟನ್ನು ತಾಳಲಾರದೆ ಜೋರಾಗಿ ಅರಚುತ್ತಾ ದುಃಖದಿಂದ ಶ್ರಮಿಸುತ್ತಾರೆ.
ಈ ದಾರಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಕೆಲವೆಡೆ ಕೆಸರು, ಉರಿಯುತ್ತಿರುವ ಬೆಂಕಿ, ಚೆನ್ನಾಗಿ ಕಾದಿರುವ ಬೆಂಕಿ; ಮುಳ್ಳಿನ ಗಿಡಗಳು, ಕತ್ತಲೆ ಗುಹ, ಸೂಜಿಗಳನ್ನು ಹಾಕಿರುವ ಮಾರ್ಗದಲ್ಲಿ ನಡೆಯಬೇಕಾಗುತ್ತದೆ. ಕೆಲೆವೆಡೆ ಹುಲಿ – ಸಿಂಹಗಳ ಘರ್ಜನೆ ಕೇಳಿ ಬರುತ್ತದೆ.
ಈ ದಾರಿಯಲ್ಲಿ ಚೆನ್ನಾಗಿ ನಡೆಯದಿದ್ದರೆ ಹಗ್ಗದಿಂದ ಬಿಗಿದು; ಮೂಗಿನಲ್ಲಿ ಮೂಗುದಾರ ಹಾಕಿ ಅಂಕುಶಗಳಿಂದ ಚುಚ್ಚಿ ಶಸ್ತ್ರಾಸ್ತ್ರಗಳಿಂದ ಹೊಡೆಯುತ್ತಾ ಪಾಪಿಗಳನ್ನು ಸೆಳೆದೊಯ್ಯುವರು.
ಈ ಮಾರ್ಗದಲ್ಲಿ ನೀರು – ನೆರಳು ಇರುವುದಿಲ್ಲ.
” ಯಮ ಮಾರ್ಗವು ಯಾರಿಗೆ ಸುಗಮ ”
ಹರಿ ನಾಮವನ್ನು ಎಲ್ಲಾ ಕಾಲಗಳಲ್ಲಿಯೂ ಉಚ್ಛರಿಸುವವರಿಗೆ; ಯಾಗ – ತಪಸ್ಸು – ವ್ರತ – ದಾನಗಳು – ಗಂಗಾ ಸ್ನಾನ ಮಾಡುವವರಿಗೆ; ರಾಮನಾಮ ಸ್ಮರಿಸುವವರು; ಹರಿ ಭಕ್ತಿ ಉಳ್ಳವರಿಗೆ, ಹರಿ ಭಕ್ತರಿಗೆ ಈ ಮಾರ್ಗದಲ್ಲಿ ಯಾವ ಬಾಧೆಯೂ ಇಲ್ಲ.
Courtesy: FB “HARI SARVOTTHAM VAYU JEEVOTTHAM”
Myth 1: Hinduism is a religion
The most obvious misconception about Hinduism is that we tend to see it as a religious faith. To be precise, Hinduism is a way of life, a dharma. Dharma does not mean religion; it is the law that governs all action. Hinduism was not founded by one person, it does not have a core doctrine, there is no central authority, it does not require followers to accept any one idea, and no one can agree on when or even where it began.
The word Hinduism itself is not to be found in any of the scriptures. It was named after the people of Sindh, who settled between the rivers Indus and Sindh in what is now Pakistan. The Persians named people of Sindh “Hindus.” Hinduism is essentially a conglomeration of diverse religious, philosophical, and cultural ideas, beliefs and traditions. It is characterized by the belief in reincarnation, one absolute being, the law of Karma, a path of righteousness and liberation from the cycle of births and deaths.
Myth 2: There are 33 crore Gods in Hinduism
The Vedas does not refer to millions of deities but 33 supreme deities. 33 divinities are mentioned in the Yajur-veda, Atharva-veda, Satapatha-brahmana, and in several other Vedic and later texts. The number thirty-three occurs with reference to divinities in the Parsi scriptures of Avesta as well. The word ‘koti’ in Trayastrimsati koti does not mean the number ‘thirty-three crore’. Here koti means ‘supreme’, pre-eminent, excellent, that is, the 33 ‘supreme’ divinities. The word koti has the same meaning as ‘Uchha koti’.
In the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, chapter 3, Yajnavalkya has said that in reality there are only 33 gods and goddesses. Of these 8 are Vasus, 11 Rudras, 12 Adityas, and Indra and Prajapati. 8 Vasus + 11 Rudras + 12 Adityas + 2 Heaven and Earth ( 8+ 11 + 12 + 2 = 33).
Myth 3: Hinduism is an
Hinduism is fairly relaxed and tolerant, but that doesn’t mean we are a free for all. The Vedas are called shruti – meaning that no kind of alteration is permitted. When we are initiated into the religious practice during Upanayanam, we have to exactly recite the mantras as is. Can I improve Bhagvad Gita by inserting/deleting 30 new verses in Chapter 18? On the contrary, if you change even one syllable in a Rig Vedic verse, you risk invalidating it.
Myth 4: Hinduism has atheism within it
There were a few ‘Nastika schools’ of philosophy in ancient India. But, that doesn’t mean they form a part of the Hindu canon that is followed in practice today. Hindu philosophy is a subset of all ideas that originated in India. All the mainstream religion texts are all theistic with explicit reference to God. Vedas speak of God, in Bhagvat Gita Krishna leaves no room for doubt when it comes to God, Adi Shankara leaves no room for further doubt in Bhaja Govindam.
Myth 5: A Hindu is a member of the Sanatana Dharma
A Hindu is one who lives around and beyond, south-east of the Indus river. Basically, Indians are “Hindus”. Sanatana Dharma is followed only if one believes in all the different Gods and Goddesses – these are not even the conventional Gods and Goddesses that the religions of the world talk about. These are Devatas, which represent natural elements, human emotions, desires, actions, among other things.
Myth 6: Hindus are idol worshipers
In reality, Hindus worship a reminder of God. No Hindu will say he or she is worshipping an idol. Instead, Hindus believe a physical representation of God – in the form of an idol – helps them focus on an aspect of prayer or meditation. For instance, a person who has just opened up a new business may worship Ganesh, the elephant god who represents success. The images of Gods and Goddesses, or murtis, are used as focal points to help aid in meditation and prayer.
Myth 7: Hindus worship cows
In reality, Hindus do not pray to cows but they do regard all creation and all life as sacred. Hindus believe every living thing has a soul. It is true, however, that cows hold a special place in Hindu society. That’s why Hindus refrain from eating beef. Cows are seen as gentle, maternal figures that are providers of milk and other forms of sustenance. They are honored for their value.
Myth 8: Hinduism supports a discriminatory caste system
In actuality, Caste discrimination is rooted not in religion but culture. Caste was an ancient system of occupational class delineated in Hindu texts that over the years developed into a rigid social hierarchy. The lowest castes, or untouchables, were marginalized and faced persecution. But many modern Hindus have argued that caste-based discrimination is not intrinsic to Hinduism and should not be thought of as religiously sanctioned.
Myth 9: The Bhagavad Gita is like the Bible
There is not one central, authoritative book in Hinduism. But Hinduism is rich in scripture with a vast collection of ancient religious writings. Hindus believe god revealed truths to wise men who passed them on for thousands of years through a rich oral tradition. The scriptures include the Vedas, the Upanishads, the Puranas and the Bhagavad Gita, or Song of God. Part of the epic tale, Mahabharata, Gita is the world’s longest poem and captures the core beliefs of Hinduism but not all Hindus read the Gita.
Myth 10: Karma is philosophical
Everyone has the ability to choose life’s actions. This is the theory behind karma: for every action a person sets in motion, there is a corresponding reaction. Hindus believe they have to face the consequences of past actions. Each person creates his or her destiny with deeds. The ultimate goal is to have karma that will free a soul and gain moksha, or liberation from the cycle of rebirth.
Myth 11: Hindu texts are about Spirituality
Writings we now categorize as Hindu scriptures include not just books relating to spirituality but also secular pursuits like science, medicine and engineering. This is another reason why it defies classification as a religion. Further, it cannot be claimed to be essentially a school of metaphysics. Nor can it be described as ‘other worldly’. In fact, one can almost identify Hinduism with a civilization that is flourishing even now.
Myth 12: The term Salvation is not the same as Moksha
“Salvation” is an ambiguous word that can refer to a lot of phenomena. It is not just a question of how one might get saved, but also what one is saved from and to. In Hinduism, “salvation” is most frequently referred to as “moksha,” which means most literally “release.” One is saved, not from sin, but from one’s own existence. The point of moksha is to be released from the cycle of reincarnation.
Myth 13: Hindus are allowed to eat meat
Hinduism does not mandate that its followers be vegetarian. Many adherents of Hinduism are not vegetarian, although a vegetarian diet is encouraged in accordance with principles such as ahimsa (nonviolence) extended to animals.
Myth 14: Woman’s place in Hinduism is not equal to.
The ancient society was in fact quite considerate and respectful to those (both men and women) engaged in various vocations, and people were free to make choices or changes in their careers or skills if the opportunity existed. Vedic prayers also indicate that the women had considerable say in selecting their marriage partners, and were espoused to live in monogamous relationships while enjoying same rights as their husbands. Furthermore, in the Vedas there is little evidence of child marriages, dowry system and the practice of Sati.
Similarly, there is no indication of any stigma relating to widowhood or the remarriage of a widow. There is also no religious restriction against women cremating or lighting the funeral pyre of their departed kin. Note also that the well-educated, scholarly and charismatic women of yore, who also participated in many philosophical debates with men, included Gargi (the daughter of Vachaknu – from the Brihadaranyaka Upanishad).
Myth 15: Manusmriti is an important social & religious.
It is a great misunderstanding to consider the Manu-smriti (or Manu’s proclamation) as being an important part of the Hindu Varna-ashrama dharma. This confusion persists even in spite of the fact that Manu-smriti as a smriti (or smrti) often contradicts the sruti (or Veda) on several important points relating to the caste system and women. Manu-smriti was never popular among the Hindus. Moreover, they never used it as a religious or social text.
Myth 16: Hinduism advocates being anti-materialistic
What Hinduism says is that materialistic pursuits or running behind sensual pleasures is not going to fetch you everlasting happiness. It only says that behind any unbridled searching for enjoyment, there is always a pain lurking behind. Hinduism advises one to practice moderation, to be watchful, and not to get carried away. Hinduism does place liberation – ‘Moksha’ as the ultimate goal of life and for the majority, the path of progress towards the goal (Moksha) includes Dharma (righteousness), Artha (materialism) and Kama (sensual enjoyments).
Courtesy: Speaking Tree [TOI]
Story Behind Naagapanchami:
ನಾಗರ ಪಂಚಮಿ ಹಿನ್ನಲೆ: ಒಕ್ಕಲಿಗನೊಬ್ಬ ರಂಟೆ ಹೊಡೆಯುತ್ತಿದ್ದಾಗ ಅದರ ಕುಡಕ್ಕೆ ಸಿಕ್ಕು ಹಾವಿನ ಮರಿಗಳೆಲ್ಲ ಸತ್ತು ಹೋದದ್ದರಿಂದ ತಾಯಿ ಹಾವು ರೊಚ್ಚಿಗೆದ್ದು ಅಂದಿನ ರಾತ್ರಿ ಆ ಒಕ್ಕಲಿಗನ ಮನೆಯ ಮಂದಿಯನ್ನೆಲ್ಲ ಕಚ್ಚಿಕೊಂದು ಹಾಕಿದರೂ ಅದರ ರೋಷ ಶಮನವಾಗದೆ ಹೋದಲ್ಲಿ ಅತ್ತೆಯ ಮನೆಯಲ್ಲಿದ್ದ ಆ ಒಕ್ಕಲಿಗನ ಮಗಳನ್ನು ಕೊಲ್ಲಲ್ಲು ಅತ್ತ ಹೊರಟಿತು. ಅದೇ ಹೊತ್ತಿಗೆ ಅತ್ತೆಯ ಮನೆಯಲ್ಲಿದ್ದ ಆ ಒಕ್ಕಲಿಗನ ಮಗಳು ಮಣ್ಣಿನ ಹಾವನ್ನು ಮಾಡಿ ಹಾಲೆರೆಯುತ್ತಿದ್ದುದನ್ನು ಕಂಡ ನಾಗಿಣಿಯ ರೊಚ್ಚು ತಕ್ಕಮಟ್ಟಿಗೆ ಶಾಂತವಾಯಿತು.
ಅದು ತಾನು ಒಕ್ಕಲಿಗನ ಮನೆಯಲ್ಲಿ ಮಾಡಿದ ಕೇಡನ್ನು ಹೇಳಲು, ಆಕೆ ಬೋರಾಡಿ ಅತ್ತು ತನ್ನ ತವರವರನ್ನೆಲ್ಲ ಬದುಕಿಸೆಂದು ಬೇಡಿಕೊಂಡಳು. ಆ ನಾಗಿಣಿಗೆ ಕರುಣೆ ಹುಟ್ಟಿ ಒಕ್ಕಲಿಗನ ಮನೆಗೆ ಬಂದು ಎಲ್ಲರ ವಿಷವನ್ನು ಮರಳಿ ಹೀರಿ ಬದುಕಿಸಿದ್ದರಿಂದ ಅವರೆಲ್ಲ ನಾಗಿಣಿಯನ್ನು ಪೂಜಿಸುತ್ತ ಬಂದರೆಂಬ ಕಥೆಯಿದೆ.
ಅಂದು ಶ್ರಾವಣ ಶುದ್ಧ ಚೌತಿಯಾದ್ದರಿಂದ ಅಂದಿನ ದಿನವನ್ನು ನಾಗ ಚೌತಿ ಎಂಬ ಹೆಸರಿನಿಂದ ಕರೆಯುತ್ತ ಬಂದುದೇ ನಾಗಪೂಜೆಗೆ ಕಾರಣವೆನಿಸಿತು. ಮಗಳ ಈ ಉಪಕಾರದ ದ್ಯೋತಕವಾಗಿಯೇ ಇಂದಿಗೂ ನಾಗಪಂಚಮಿ ಹಬ್ಬಕ್ಕೆ ಮಗಳನ್ನು ತವರಿನವರು ಕರೆತರುವರೆಂದು ಜಾನಪದರು ಹೇಳಿತ್ತಾರೆ. ಮೂರು ದಿನದ ಹಬ್ಬ: ಮನೆ ಮನೆಗಳಲ್ಲಿ ಹಬ್ಬಕ್ಕೆ ಮೊದಲೇ ನಾಗದೇವನ ನೈವೇದ್ಯಕ್ಕೆ ಅರಳು, ಅರಳಿಟ್ಟು, ತಂಬಿಟ್ಟು, ವಿಧವಿಧ ಉಂಡಿ, ಎಳ್ಳುಚಿಗಳಿಗಳನ್ನು ತಯಾರಿಸುತ್ತಾರೆ. ಈ ನಾಗಪಂಚಮಿ ಮೂರು ದಿವಸದ ಹಬ್ಬ. ಮೊದಲನೆಯದಿನ ನಾಗರ ಅಮವಾಸ್ಯೆ ಅಂದರೆ ರೊಟ್ಟಿ ಪಂಚಮಿ, ಎರಡನೆಯ ದಿನ ನಾಗಚೌತಿ, ಮೂರನೆಯ ದಿನ ನಾಗರ ಪಂಚಮಿ. ನಾಗರ ಅಮವಾಸ್ಯೆಯ ದಿನ ಹೆಣ್ಣು ಮಕ್ಕಳು ತಮ್ಮ ಸಮಸ್ತ ಬಳಗದೊಂದಿಗೆ ಹಣತೆ ಪೂಜೆ ಮಾಡುವುದುಂಟು.
On this day, after completion of your daily routine work and taking bath, a snake is made out of cow dung, at the door of house, place of worship. On both the sides of door, the serpent is worshiped with milk, grass, Kusha, sandalwood,Akshat(rice used in worshiping),flower etc. After this, item made of Ladu(sweet) and Malpua is offered to God Snake. It is believed, if you make the snake bath with milk on this day, the free from snake is vanished. It is celebrated in different styles all over India.
The festival is celebrated in a special way in India’s south Maharashtra and Bengal. In west Bengal, Assam, and some parts of Orissa, this day, mother of serpents, Goddess Mansa is worshiped. In the temple of Kerala as well, Shesh Naag is particularly worship.
On this day, Goddess Saraswati is specially worshiped. It is believed that , on this very day, women keep fast and worship God snake in a systematic way. This increases a family’s happiness and wealth and the family has no fear of snake bite.
For worshiping Naag Panchami, in the morning after cleaning the house, prepare rice, Sewai etc to offer during Puja. In some parts of the country, food is kept prepared a day before Naag Panchami. And, on the day of Naag Panchami, stale food is eaten. Whole of Shravan Maas, especially on Naag Panchami, digging soil or foundation, ploughing of fields is forbidden.
During, the Puja, Snake God should be called and offered a position to be seated. After that, water, flower and sandalwood should be offered on them. The milk, yogurt,sugar,honey and butter of Snake statue should be mixed to form a Panchamrit, which should be used in bathing. And, after that, sandalwood and aroma containing water should be put on the statue.
Besides this, Aarti should be done with clothing thread, sandalwood, Haridra, powder, saffron, Sindoor(vermilion), Belpatra, jewellery and garlands of flower, auspicious nectar, lamp of Dhup, Navedya, seasonal fruit, and Tambool. Praying in this way, fulfills our wishes. On this day, Seprent God should be worship with sweet smelling flowers and sandalwood. Because, sweet smell is particularly dear for God Snake.